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Life Discovered on Jupiter -- April Fool's Day, 1996
In 1996, the internet-based service America Online had gained five million subscribers, all of whom were greeted with a news flash that read, "Government source reveals signs of life on Jupiter," when they logged onto the service on April 1. This headline was backed up by statements from a planetary biologist and an assertion by Ted Leonsis, AOL's president, that his company was in possession of documents that proved the government was hiding the existence of life on the massive planet. The story quickly generated over 1300 messages on AOL, and hundreds of people called the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California trying to obtain more details about the discovery. When it turned out to be a prank, many questioned whether the service had risked losing its credibility by perpetrating such a stunt, but AOL dismissed these concerns. A spokeswoman for the company later explained that the hoax had been intended as a tribute to Orson Welles' 1938 halloween broadcast of the "War of the Worlds."

Smileys
This was also the theme of the Aurthur C Clarke story 'A Meeting With Medusa'
Posted by R J Wood  in  London  on  Mon Apr 04, 2005  at  10:54 AM
The spokesperson's explanation doesn't really work--it actually kinda ruins the joke since there is no "tribute" involved. Just a mindless prank.
Posted by EJ  on  Sat Apr 01, 2006  at  04:33 PM
I think the fact that Jupiter is a gas planet would've given it away.
Posted by Dominique  in  Somewhere over the Rainbow  on  Wed Apr 19, 2006  at  09:25 PM
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